Extra Credit

1. BLUEPRINT: A technical drawing or plan that outlines the design and specifications of a structure or object. Traditionally, blueprints were created using a specific type of paper called cyanotype, which produced blue lines on a white background. Hence, the term "blueprint" originated. However, with advancements in technology, blueprints are now typically created digitally using computer-aided design (CAD) software. Blueprints are commonly used in the construction industry for buildings, bridges, and other infrastructure projects. They are also utilized in manufacturing to guide the production of complex machinery or products.

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2. CROSS SECTION: A 2-D representation of an object or a system, obtained by cutting or intersecting it along a specific plane. The resulting view reveals the internal structure or features that would not be visible in a simple external view. Cross sections can be represented in various ways, including simple diagrams, sketches, or more detailed technical drawings. They are essential tools for analysis, design, and communication in many disciplines, allowing scientists, engineers, and researchers to gain insights into the internal structures of objects and systems.

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3. TOOLING: The specialized equipment or machinery required to manufacture or produce a specific product or component. It involves the development of tools that are necessary for various stages of the manufacturing process, such as cutting, casting, forming, milling or injection molding. Footwear tooling plays a vital role in ensuring efficiency, precision, and quality throughout the footwear manufacturing process. Skilled technicians, drafters, and craftspeople use these tools to transform materials into finished footwear products that meet exact design specifications and consumer expectations.

4. LAST: A 3-D form or mold that serves as the foundation for designing and manufacturing shoes. It is used to determine the shape, size, and fit of the shoe, acting as a reference for patterns, assembling the upper materials, and shaping the sole.